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Health & Safety

The 5 biggest health and safety compliance challenges facing FM businesses

By Lucy Atkinson, Business Support Manager, Genilogic

The main framework of Health and Safety legislation has remained the same for 45 years in the form of The Health and Safety at Work etc Act, however, business has been far less static. 

As the work we undertake in the name of FM becomes more complex, so does the risk; and in turn, the controls to keep our industry safe at work are bigger and better than before, but are we keeping up? 

We aim to point out the most common challenges to compliance within the FM industry and explore some of the ways to overcome them.

1.   Ensuring everyone is in the know

Policy and Procedure Management Problems

FM management teams are tasked with the daunting job of ensuring that all staff have visibility of all the relevant health and safety documents and policies relevant to their role. The nature of FM often means that staff can be widespread location-wise which creates a challenge.  These staff members may be tricky to reach, however, they need to not only work compliantly, they also need to work safely, or your business stands to pay the price.  It is important that these staff have the same access to information, policies and resources as the staff on the next desk from you, enabling them to operate in an informed and safe manner, whilst protecting your brand standards. The need to communicate safety procedures becomes even more important when considering the scope of FM responsibilities.  Staff must have sight of everything relevant, such as; the building regulations and documentation regarding how a facility is to be managed, any products that should or shouldn’t be used, what works require planning permission, what time of day certain tasks may be undertaken and any processes regarding notifying relevant on site contacts, to name a few.  Failure to communicate any of the above information to your staff could cost your company a contract ultimately.

Tracking Acknowledgements Simplified

Rather than sending paper copies via post and waiting for staff to read and return paperwork, upload documents to a cloud storage solution such as Google Drive, Dropbox or SharePoint.  You then can give all workers a login and have them log in and read.  You will still need to track this, whether that’s by having them upload a document to the cloud server with a list of all documents they have read and understood, along with any queries or issues they have, but at least you are being more eco-friendly whilst saving costs on printing and posting.  Bear in mind that as well as risk assessments, method statements, policies and procedures, your staff also need to see all COSHH SDS and risk assessments, as well as being provided with any control measures or PPE suggested on the assessments.  Having these documents hosted in a central library means that staff can access them from anywhere, including from site to check back if they need to clarify something before commencing works.  You may also consider giving the client access to their folder of documentation, this may offer them reassurance regarding your management and procedures. They are also more likely to be proactive about notifying you of changes if they have sight of the documents your staff are relying on to work.

2.   Identifying Site Specific or Dynamic Risks

Dynamic Failures

FM has always been a remote job, with few FM professionals managing to spend their full week at their desks.  What is more is that FM workers are in ever changing work environments, which provide ever changing levels of risk, it can be a health and safety minefield.  Many companies tackle this by simply completing task specific risk assessments which are then complimented by a site risk assessment, the two together should then provide a site and task specific risk assessment which hopefully has covered everything off.  However, not identifying and controlling site and task specific risks not only has the potential to negatively change lives, but it could also increase costs to businesses through sick pay, court cases and fines, compensation claims and higher insurance premiums.  

Change of Environment Checklist

Although the trend will be sufficient in most situations, staff attending sites need to be fully aware of the ‘normal’ risks for each site, to enable them to spot new or dynamic risks.  All staff who attend sites need to be adequately trained to identify hazards and how to implement appropriate controls.  A course which introduces health and safety, or risk assessment would give staff enough knowledge to make informed and safe decisions.  Staff need to be aware that they should not commence works if they think a change to the task or environment will pose risk to any life or property and they should have a contact at the office who can give Health and Safety guidance or attend sites to assess and advise.  It helps to provide staff with a check list to fill in upon arrival to any site regarding changes to the work environment, process or equipment with advice on who to contact to talk about any changes with.

3.   Reporting Accidents, Incidents and Hazards

The Onsite Accident Book

Having your staff working on a client site can sometimes cause confusion surrounding policies with regards to reporting.  Often FM staff will fill in the accident book on site but then not mention it to their own employers, or not report it to anyone at all.  Whilst unreported accidents make the figures look good for annual review, they put your company at risk.  Reporting gives a company a reason and an opportunity to review current processes, identify any missing controls and implement accident prevention measures or retrain staff.  If an accident goes on to become a RIDDOR and evidence is found that previous accident reports have not been managed effectively, your company could face large fines or even prosecution.  The HSE can drop in without notice to undertake spontaneous investigations too, which means that nothing necessarily has to go wrong for a company to be prosecuted.   

The Solution

For accident, incident and hazard reporting, it may help to have staff to return a mandatory weekly report or questionnaire, regarding anything they should have reported.  Once staff start reporting these events in real time rather than on a weekly report, the reports can be lessened in frequency. It may also help to resend the company reporting policy more frequently and mention it in news bulletins, conferences, performance appraisals and any other staff focussed events or publications. It is also wise to let staff know what you’re doing about the reports they make, so if an accident happens due to an uneven surface, letting staff know you have put in signage, or resurfaced, will help staff feel like their reports matter and will be heard.

4.   Managing COSHH Products Safely

Oh My COSHH!

FM is one of the most diverse industries in the modern world, employing staff and contractors spanning across many categories.  With many of the services provided to FM clients requiring the use of COSHH products (products which are managed under Control of Substances Hazardous to Health, 2002), the pressure is on FM companies to ensure they are aware of all the products their workers are exposed to, and the associated risks.  It is not uncommon for clients to provide their own materials, equipment and products which are better suited to their building for use by their FM company, making keeping track of these products very difficult indeed.  Staff who are exposed to COSHH products without proper knowledge, training, PPE, tools or in unsafe conditions are at risk of significant harm.  COSHH products also pose significant risk to property, using a chemical on an incompatible surface type can cause irreparable damage which could cost an FM company not only the cost to replace the surface or item, but the entire contract.

COSHHing it right!

Ensure all staff have received COSHH training to enable them to easily identify if they are working with a COSHH product.  They should be aware of common COSHH products and the risks they pose as well as how to identify key symbols and what they mean.  As well as this, staff should have both seen and acknowledged the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and COSHH risk assessments for all products they work with or near, it is an employer’s responsibility to ensure that SDS are up to date and available to view and reference.  Staff also need to be provided the correct tools, PPE as well as any other controls identified in the risk assessment for handling the product as detailed on the SDS or as required for the task.  Using a spreadsheet showing each employee along one side with the product across the other, checking off when they have seen each one. Ensure you start again for updated/new SDS.  Also ensure staff know where to find information in an emergency and how to report issues with substances, PPE or tools.

5.   Identifying Skills Gaps

Skills, here, there and everywhere!

Managing training can create a full-time job role in larger organisations.  Not only must an employer track what courses their staff have completed, they must also identify training requirements as they start working with them, and again every time something changes which could require further training. On top of this, most qualifications require refreshers, of varying intervals, generally from annually to 60 months.  Staff can be difficult to pin down when it comes to planning training days and unfortunately, they rarely seem to want to keep track of their own training requirements. Aside from keeping your staff trained so that you can operate compliantly; it may also be that having a database of qualifications and competencies helps you identify who to send for a particular job, for example, you may need to select a staff member with working at heights competencies if you are arranging an external window clean for a tall building.

Spreadsheets

Most companies without a health and safety software solution in place must rely on spreadsheets.  The axis are made up of names and courses, but a separate sheet needs to be made up with course completion and expiry dates to ensure compliance.  This requires someone checking at least every month what courses are due to expire in the coming month, arranging the courses and updating the spreadsheet.  It makes finding skills gaps possible, but potentially difficult.  Sometimes having each site or department manage their own training requirements so they are seeing just what is going on in their team, making seeing gaps more manageable.  

Static Safety

Although these manual answers are the most common ways to manage our biggest pains to compliance, health and safety software offers a much simpler resolution.  Many companies are still using the same system they have been using for over 20 years to manage health and safety, whilst upgrading systems everywhere else.  Although this is perhaps a case of not fixing something that is not broken, it is possible to spend money to save and to allocate resources differently to manage compliance in a better way.

How Software Can Transform Management

Software hosts and sends out documents and policies whilst tracking staff acknowledgement, ensuring these acknowledgements can be audited.  These documents and policies can be amended at anytime and resent, so if a dynamic risk is spotted, a competent person can reassess and resend, safe in the knowledge that everyone has had sight of any changes before work commences.  Most solutions have a reporting module, giving staff access to report accidents, incidents and hazards in real time, giving managers and competent people the information that they need to implement changes for future prevention, again in real time.  Systems often come with different ways to filter information so that managers can spot trends or issues with current procedures.  COSHH, again, is normally an available module, some solutions offer hosting and automatic updates of all COSHH SDS whilst also allowing you to pull through pertinent information straight from the SDS into a COSHH assessment. Training can also be tracked and managed completely by a software solution, many solutions come with integrated e-learning, offering more value for money.  The software then tracks all completions, internally and externally and auto-enrols staff for internal refreshers and notifies the relevant people regarding external courses/refreshers.

Out of a Job?

Many health and safety professionals shy away from software as they worry it takes value from their role and knowledge, however, that is simply not true.  Companies need a health and safety professional, whether as a consultant or an inhouse team or person.  Giving this professional access to a software solution is to compliment their work, it helps them distribute information, track and monitor compliance and review more efficiently.  Health and safety software relies on having someone competent putting information into it. The idea is to make things easier and more efficient to manage, and what will they do with the time they’ll save? They will do all the things they will tell you they feel they never have enough time to do; visit sites to assess compliance, give training, arrange audits, implement more controls and prevention methods whilst improving your company’s health and safety culture.

Features and Benefits

As well as our top five, many solutions come with translation tools, enabling a one-click translation to many languages, saving thousands in costs whilst being completely inclusive.  Some other tools on offer amongst the market include DSE and MAC Assessment tools, stress indicator tools and toolbox talks. Most solutions are cloud-based and can be accessed from anywhere on any device, which is a big plus for the FM industry. As well as this, most solutions are scalable to your business size, so even if your business is small now, it is worth investing in a compliant and simple to manage system, then as you grow, your software grows with you.  Using software to create sector specific safe systems of work allows for companies to consider the quality centrally before national/global dissemination of information, protecting company and brand names by setting standards.  Inducting staff with a health and safety software system in place reduces your carbon footprint whilst also saving costs, most solutions allocate a staff member to everything they need when you add them in and track acknowledgements on everything from the staff handbook to your internet use policy!  As well as all of this, FM businesses often give their clients a log in to their system, showing them how seriously they take compliance and giving them a USP over their competitors.  Are you ready to move into 21stcentury FM compliance management?


100% Hackitt initiative to ‘drive cultural change in construction’

A new industry initiative has been launched to encourage the government to deliver all of the recommendations contained within Dame Judith Hackitt’s report in the wake of the Grenfell tragedy.

100% Hackitt is being led by Local Authority Building Control (LABC) and the British Board of Agrément (BBA), who say they have united to bring focus to industry calls for a full adoption of Dame Judith’s Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety.

The initiative has a dedicated website at www.100-hackitt.co.uk and has ‘pledge cards’ for supporters to sign up to the initiative and pushing for an Early Day Motion debate in the House of Commons.

Dame Judith attended the launch, delivering a keynote speech to a large number of cross-party politicians, policy advisors and industry body representatives, telling them there was ‘massive need’ for culture change throughout the industry, with responsibilities clearly defined at every stage of a building’s lifecycle.

“Much remains to be done to bring the construction industry up to the standards of other industries in terms of accountability, transparency and record keeping,” she said. “Don’t tinker, don’t tweak, it has to be fundamental.”

Claire Curtis-Thomas, BBA Chief Executive, said: “The BBA is backing this initiative as strongly as we possibly can because we want to see bad practices in the industry eliminated and protection for the public and companies that are fully committed to high standards of delivery.”

Paul Everall, LABC Chief Executive, added: “The LABC and the BBA share the same outlook and are determined to make a difference in our industry. But we’re not waiting, we’re getting on with building a safer future together – right now. The 100% Hackitt initiative is a space for everyone who wants to see systemic change in the construction industry and I hope the whole industry gets behind it.”

The launch event was facilitated by cross-party think tank Policy Connect through its parliamentary forum for the built environment, the Westminster Sustainable Business Forum.

The initiative has the support of senior figures across the construction and fire safety sector including the Fire Sector Federation, whose Executive Officer Dennis Davis said: “We are backing the 100% Hackitt initiative because we need a mandatory, controlled system that allows us to balance what we want – innovation, good buildings, new ideas, growth in our economy – with sensible restraint that ensures short cuts and economies aren’t made and shows that people are competent, resulting in safe building for those who occupy them.”

Jonathan Shaw, Chief Executive of Policy Connect, added: “The Hackitt review represents a once in a generation opportunity to recast the building system and start to build safer, better designed homes. We will discuss how the review can bring about positive change in the construction industry, what still remains to be done and where the Hackitt review could have gone further so that we can encourage the industry to push for change.”

100% Hackitt unites those who wish to see cultural change in the construction industry, promoting safety and public trust via a forum which provides on-going opportunities to discuss cross-discipline issues whilst keeping pressure on Ministers to adopt all of the Hackitt review recommendations.

“Dame Judith’s review of building regulations and fire safety showed systemic change is required within our industry,” added Curtis-Thomas. “Her report came with a warning that cherry-picking recommendations would compromise their overall effectiveness and it is this ‘pick and mix’ approach that the BBA and LABC are urging the government to avoid by accepting the recommendations in full.

“The construction industry has overwhelmingly taken on board her views and aspirations and wants to drive change – shifts in practices and working relationships have already been voluntarily introduced by many – but we need government backing to ensure this happens across the board. Many of the recommendations fall to government rather than industry. We are doing our bit and it now needs to do its bit and if this needs new regulation or even legislation it will have our backing and the backing of those who recognise that business as usual is not an option any of us want to consider.”

For full information about 100% Hackitt and to keep abreast of its latest developments visit: www.100-hackitt.co.uk

Fire Door Survey 2018 yields surprising results

By Precise UK Managed Services

Half of all tradespeople do not feel confident about advising customers on fire door safety, according to a poll of 2,000 individuals carried out by online trade supplier Ironmongery Direct, which was supported by the Fire Industry Association.

The survey results have been published after Fire Door Safety Week, which was 24th to 30th September to raise awareness of the importance of fire doors in saving lives.

Less than 20 per cent of the tradespeople polled had seen an increase in demand for fire safety products or, just as importantly, replacement intumescent (smoke seal) strips for fire doors.

The poll illustrated an alarming lack of general public and industry awareness of the life-saving role of fire doors, which are a legal requirement in all commercial, public and multi-occupancy buildings.

Fire Industry Association chief executive Ian Moore said that fire doors were one of many essential elements to keeping people safe from fire.

He added: “A fire risk assessment should determine, through thorough inspection, any potential risks or hazards so that they may be resolved.”

Whatever building you work in or visit ask yourself these questions: ‘how do I get out of this building?’; ‘are the Fire Doors actually fire doors?; and beware the signs on the door, as the fact that there is a sign doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s a Fire Door.

Precise Managed Services undertake Fire Risk Assessments, Fire Risk Assessment audits and Fire Door Inspections and reports and are members and are trained by the Fire Protection Association.

Quarter of British accidents go unreported

New research by the Accident Advice Helpline has found that a quarter of employees have had an accident at work, yet one in six people wouldn’t report a potential hazard if they saw one.

The figures also revealed that nearly 23% of people polled wouldn’t know who to report a potential hazard to, meaning broken machinery, trailing wired and uneven floor often get left unfixed and unattended.

Out of 2,014 people polled, a third claimed they don’t have time to worry about hazards in the workplace, and 24% said they would ignore things like frayed electrical cords, spills or blocked fire exits, assuming it wouldn’t directly affect them.

In the event of an accident happening at work, a fifth said they would not know where to go due to lack of communication and training.

David Carter, spokesman for Accident Advice Helpline, said: “Accidents at work can easily be avoided if hazards are reported as soon as they are spotted and the more people who report it the better.

“When in a work environment it’s incredibly important to look out for one another to ensure injuries don’t happen.”

A quarter of those polled say they don’t think it is their responsibility to report a hazard even if it could be potentially dangerous, while just under one in 10 employees claim they have been told not to report a hazard by someone else.

Older generations are more likely to report something they thought was dangerous – with 93 per cent of 35 to 54 year-olds likely to say something compared to 76% of 16 to 24 year-olds.
Just under half admit they see various safety issues on a daily basis which have been around for a while, with 63%t saying they could be dangerous.

The most common hazards reported are a lack of safety around machinery, trailing wires, uneven flooring and the wrong equipment being used for tasks.

A quarter of workers say there are trailing wires in the workplace on a regular basis, while 16% work in an environment where machinery isn’t being used safely, with 17% often see others not wearing the appropriate health and safety protection when they should be.

A fifth of people have even witnessed a hazard within the workplace that has been intentionally masked or ignored.

www.accidentadvicehelpline.co.uk

Guest Blog, Simon Field: Loud noises and preventing damage in the workplace…

When it comes to facilities management, it is not just the health and safety of your employees that you have to worry about, you also need to protect contractors and visitors.

Due to the varied tasks taking place within the facilities management industry, one of the biggest dangers can be exposure to loud noises. Simon Field, a technical specialist at science-based technology company 3M, discusses how a four-step approach can help to keep everyone at your facility safe. 

While the effects may not be immediately obvious, exposure to loud noises can have really harmful – and irreversible – consequences.

Anything from construction work to even lawn mowing could create damaging sound levels and if the correct steps are not taken, it is not only people’s health which is at risk – companies can also face legal action.

One of the most common health issues caused by high levels of sound is noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) – which is a completely preventable but incurable condition.

In the past year around 15,000 people have suffered from NIHL caused, or made worse, by work. It is the most commonly reported occupational medical condition in the EU and between 2011 and 2014, NIHL insurance claims increased by 189 per cent.

As well as NIHL, loud noises can also result in tinnitus, which could lead to associated health problems such as insomnia. Safety can also be compromised, as people may not be able to hear warning messages or alarms if noise levels are too loud.

At 3M, we have devised a four-step approach to help companies keep everyone protected from loud noise.  

Detection

The first step in protecting your employees, contractors and visitors is to assess the noise levels to see if there is a problem. Start by asking yourself some straightforward questions such as, do employees need to raise their voices when speaking to each other or is the noise intrusive? If the answer is yes, then the noise levels are likely to be too high. Noise measurements should be conducted in any areas highlighted during your initial assessment. Noise surveys can be carried out in-house or by hiring a consultant.

It’s important to use the results of noise surveys effectively; deciding on noise control methods, re-evaluating risk assessments

and selecting appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE).

Protection

As part of The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005, employers are required to eliminate or reduce risks to health and safety from noise at work.

Depending on the level of risk, you should:

  • take action to reduce the noise exposure
  • provide your employees with suitable personal hearing protection

When deciding on hearing protection equipment (HPE), it is crucial to select a product that employees are motivated to wear. If the HPE does not fit correctly or is uncomfortable, the user is less likely to use it properly, which can significantly reduce the level of protection.

The two options available are ear plugs and ear muffs. These products come in different styles to suit a range of tasks, including disposable and reusable.

When deciding on protection, you should ensure that it is effective enough to eliminate risks, but does not leave the worker isolated. You also need to consider the working environment and check that it does not interfere with other PPE.

Training

It’s important to ensure that your workers understand why they need to take care of their hearing and how they can do this. Employers need to provide suitable information, instruction and training covering the noise hazards present, the control measures to be used and the correct use of these, including hearing protection. This could include fitting technique, any maintenance requirements and where equipment should be stored.

Validation

Once you have offered hearing protection to your workers, you then need to be confident that it is protecting them. As everybody is different, it is not a case of one size fits all when it comes to hearing protection, so you need to be sure the equipment is being used correctly.

To help prevent incorrect use, 3M has recently launched its revolutionary E-A-Rfit Dual Ear Validation System. This system takes noise measurements from both inside and outside of the hearing protection, in order to calculate a personal attenuation rating for each employee. The test takes only eight seconds to complete and can be used as part of a robust training programme, showing workers how correctly inserting the right ear plug increases their level of protection.

Following this four-step approach will help employers to feel confident that they are best protecting their workforce from exposure to loud noises.

More information about E-A-Rfit Dual Ear Validation System is available here
If you would like more information on hearing conservation or have questions on other types of PPE, please feel free to give 3M’s H&S helpline a call on 0870 608 0060.
*3M and E-A-Rfit are trademarks of 3M Company.

 

Simon Field has spent the last five years at 3M supporting the personal safety division with technical responsibility in areas of hearing conservation, eye protection, powered respiratory systems and welding protection. He has a wealth of knowledge and expertise in this area, along with an IOSH qualification in ‘Noise at Work Risk Assessment and Management’.